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U.S. Oil & Gas Production From Federal Leases

The Eddy & Lea Show Continues in 2023


  • The Department of Interior recently released calendar year 2023 production data by commodity and county

  • EnerWrap analyzed and wrangled the data for you to provide insights into the location of onshore oil and natural gas production from Federal leases

  • Eddy & Lea Counties in New Mexico continue to dominate the oil story from onshore Federal leases, producing 76% of total oil production

  • Oil production was up 144,745 barrels per day versus 2022, with Eddy & Lea Counties up 145,973 barrels per day

  • Onshore natural gas production rose from 9.9 Bcf/d to 10.3 Bcf/d

  • Eddy & Lea Counties alone rose 0.8 Bcf/d and now represent 41% of natural gas production from Federal leases, up from 9% in 2016

  • Premium subscribers are provided access to the dataset used for this work

Despite the political rhetoric, oil production from onshore Federal leases continues to show a steady rise, producing 1.45 million barrels per day in 2023, up from 1.3 million barrels per day in 2022

At 10.3 Bcf/d natural gas production growth from onshore Federal leases is more muted than oil through a combination of low gas prices negatively impacting gas-focused drilling, offset by associated gas from oil-focused leases.

The concentration of oil production from Federal onshore leases by county is highlighted by this map. A larger interactive version can be found here.

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